Was in Südtirol viele für unmöglich halten, wird in Europa eifrig studiert und diskutiert: die interne Erweiterung, also die Aufnahme neuer Mitglieder, die durch Loslösung von bestehenden Mitgliedsstaaten entstehen, in die Union. Am 9. Mai stellt etwa das Centre Maurits Coppieters in Brüssel eine Studie vor, die unter der Leitung des katalanischen Professors für Verfassungsrecht und Politikwissenschaften, Dr. Jordi Matas i Dalmases, entstanden ist.
The study we present here uses as its starting point the continuity of the bond between the new state and the Union, whilst considering that democratic decision at the source of independence is the expression of the desire to form a separate state within the European Union. Thus, respecting the democratic principle governing the Union’s political personality, from the Preamble to the European Union Treaty, as well as respecting rights of citizens of the new member state as citizens of the Union, the report argues that the new state’s membership status is automatic. In this respect, European Union law cannot be an obstacle in hindering the legitimate democratic will of European citizens who, in a particular region of Europe, decide to found a new state for themselves through a democratic and peaceful procedure.
In short, as has occurred in federal states that the Union mirrors from the institutional point of view, separating from a member state does not mean a separation from the federation. It may even be the declaration of a firm wish to maintain the commitment with the federal agreement. Moreover, in the case of new European states outside Union boundaries, the latter has demonstrated its support for the democratically expressed wish of the people in this respect and, therefore for the recognition of the new state.
To conclude, European Union values and principles support the access to a separate state without having to renounce the European construction project. On that basis, negotiations between the parties involved must shape the new state’s definitive statutes side by side with their partners in the common project, as greater liberty and democracy also means a greater Europe.
Aus dem Vorwort zur Studie. Unterstreichung: .